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Kulikova O.Yu. Psychocorrection in the system of martial arts

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p543-548
Psychocorrection in the system of martial arts
Olga Yuryevna Kulikova, the candidate of historical sciences, The Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sports and Health, St. Petersburg

The topic of psycho-correction and emotional regulation in the system of martial arts (both sports and professional-applied) gained high popularity in our country in the late 80s of the XX century – the beginning of the "zero" years of the XXI century. For about a quarter of the century, numerous martial arts researchers have tried to focus on the classification of various "methods" and psychotechnics. "The wind from the East" brought numerous theories and techniques of popular martial arts at that time: meditation, various forms of auto-training (static, dynamic,), methods of imitation and embodiment in the image. The task of the psychologist, in this context, is not to violate one of the pedagogical principles-to teach from simple to complex. At first, it can be conversations with the athlete, psychoanalysis, teaching him basic self-regulation skills. Here, the methods of command, persuasion, and suggestion can be used. At more advanced levels, the athlete can be taught methods of self-suggestion and self-persuasion. Meditation, which has gained the widest popularity among adherents of martial arts, can also be used at this stage (you only need to understand the essence and content of what is hidden under the term meditation). For the most advanced and experienced athletes in terms of psycho-correction, they should be introduced to the methods of chrono-mind-body exercises based on specific reactions of the body to planetary rhythms and control of these reactions.
Keywords: Martial arts, stress, stressors, psychotechnics, psycho-regulation in sports.

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Article arrived in edition 11.03.2021
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