You are here

Nemtsev O.B., Bguashev A.B., Martynova M.N., Nemtseva N.A., Polyansky A.V. Attitude to the problem of doping of Russian track and field athletes and coaches

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p302-309
 
Attitude to the problem of doping of Russian track and field athletes and coaches
Oleg Borisovich Nemtsev, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Aydamir Baterbievich Bguashev, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, professor, Marina Nikolaevna Martynova, Natalia Alekseevna Nemtseva, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Adyghe State University, Maykop; Alexander Vitalievich Polyansky, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, The branch of Kuban State University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban

Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the features of the attitude to the problem of doping of the Russian athletes and track and field coaches. A survey was conducted using the "Google Forms" service. The questionnaire included 15 closed-ended questions with four alternative answers each. A total of 129 questionnaires with answers were received, most of which were completed by active athletes (88 people), 18 by former track and field athletes and 23 by track and field coaches. To assess the significance of differences in the response rates of the respondents to each question, the Pearson's chi-square test was used. If there were significant differences in the frequencies of responses to the question as a whole, the chi-square test was used to compare the frequencies of choosing each of the pairs of responses, and then the Holm-Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons was applied. It was found that the overwhelming majority of respondents are against the legalization of doping (84.5% of respondents answered "No", which is significantly more than the frequency of choosing any other answer, p in all cases 0.000), do not intend to use doping even if it remains undisclosed, but in this case, the assumption about the presence or absence of a negative impact of doping on health turned out to be significant: 69% of respondents answered “No, I wouldn’t use it” if it was assumed that doping would not have a negative effect on health, and 87.6% of respondents, if such exposure was possible (p = 0.001). More than half of respondents (58.9%) are sure that only a few world-class athletes use doping (the differences with the frequencies of other answers are significant, p in all cases 0.000) and that doping scandals reduce the attractiveness of athletics for spectators (58.1 % of respondents, p when compared with the frequency of any other answer – 0.000), and are also ready to inform anti-doping organizations about the cases of doping using they are aware of ("Yes" – 24.0% of respondents, "Rather yes, than no" – 34.1% , however, only the differences between the answers "Rather yes than no" and "No" (17.1%) are significant (p = 0.002). However, most of the athletes and coaches consider the practice of therapeutic use of prohibited substances to be unfair (only 8.5% of the respondents answered "Yes, it is fair", which is significantly less than the number of those who gave any other answers to this question, p from 0.001 to 0.000).
Keywords: definition of doping, therapeutic using prohibited substances.

References
  1. Nemtsev, O.B., Bguashev, A.B., Martynova, M.N., Polyansky, A.V. and Mekhrikadze, V.V. (2020), "Attitude towards the problem of doping in sports by Russian universities and faculties of physical culture and sports students", Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, Vol. 5 (183), pp. 538–545.
  2. Baron, A.D., Martin, D.M., Magd S.A. (2007), "Doping in sports and its spread to at-risk populations: an international review", World Psychiatry, Vol. 6 (2), pp. 118–123.
  3. Cohen, J. (1988), Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Hillsdale, NJ.
  4. Independent Online (2019), "Fifteen Kenyan athletes banned for doping in 2019", available at: https://www.iol.co.za/sport/athletics/fifteen-kenyan-athletes-banned-for-doping-in-2019-39530975 (accessed 13 March 2021).
  5. Mackay, D. (2003), "Lewis: 'Who cares I failed drug test?'", The Guardian. 24 April, available at: https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2003/apr/24/athletics.duncanmackay.
  6. Morente-Sanchez, J., Zabala M. (2013), "Doping in sport: a review of elite athletes’ attitudes, beliefs, and knowledge", Sports Medicine, Vol. 43, pp. 395-411.
  7. Pells, E. (2017), "Bolt can’t outrun Jamaica’s doping problem", Associated Press, January 26, available at: https://apnews.com/article/18a669e3119646b2a7e30db9e1e7b178.

Contact information: oleg.nemtsev@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 18.03.2021
Show full text