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Kazantinova G.M., Charova T.A., Vlasova T.N., Tsutsaeva M.V. Functional state of the cardiovascular system of students living in the rural areas

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p171-177
 
Functional state of the cardiovascular system of students living in the rural areas
Galina Mikhailovna Kazantinova, the doctor of medical sciences, professor, Tatyana Aleksandrovna Charova, the doctor of medical sciences, Tatyana Nikolaevna Vlasova, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Maria Vladimirovna Tsutsaeva, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Volgograd State Agrarian University

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of the functioning of the cardiovascular system in the group of the students living in the rural areas, and to use the obtained data to improve the methods of physical education. The study used the orthostatic test, the Martinet test, as well as the coefficients of endurance, economization and the test of self-regulation of blood circulation. Considering that in previous studies, the features of the general morbidity and morphofunctional indicators in this group of students were revealed, it is justified to determine the functional capabilities of one of the leading systems of the body, which plays a large role in motor activity, especially since we did not find similar data in the literature available to us. The studies have revealed decrease in the functional reserves of the cardiovascular system, caused by the violation of the mechanisms of self-regulation of blood circulation. The research results allow the differentiated approach to the enrollment of freshmen with hypotension and hypertension in the appropriate medical group. In the sets of exercises for them, it is necessary to exclude exercises of the strength nature at the initial stages of training and to increase the volume of breathing exercises.
Keywords: cardiovascular system, students, rural area, violation.

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Contact information: tcharova@mail.ru, tatyanavlasova1@gmail.com
Article arrived in edition 09.03.2021
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