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Kagazezheva N.Kh., Shram V.P., Kolomiytseva N.S., Petrova T,G., Zhukov V.I., Kagazezheva A.D. Some aspects of formation of correct posture among the children of secondary school age by means of physical education

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p167-171
 
Some aspects of formation of correct posture among the children of secondary school age by means of physical education
Nuryat Khazertalevna Kagazezheva, the candidate of biology sciences, senior lecturer, Viktoriya Petrovna Shram, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Natalya Sergeevna Kolomiytseva, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Tatiana Gennadievna Petrova, the candidate of biology sciences, Victor Ivanovich Zhukov, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, Adyghe State University, Maykop; Aminat Davletovna Kagazezheva, the doctor of the highest category, Central City Hospital, Reutov, Moscow Region

Abstract
The aim of the study was to develop and substantiate the methodology for the formation of correct posture of the 11-12 year old students by means of physical culture. 67 schoolchildren of grades 5-6 were examined. In the course of the research, in accordance with the tasks, the ascertaining (natural) and comparative (main) pedagogical experiments were applied. Experimental research was carried out in a secondary school. Anthropometric studies were carried out according to generally accepted methods. Pedagogical testing included an assessment of the functional state of the abdominal muscles, lifting the torso from a supine position in 30 seconds, and static strength endurance of the back muscles. The health of schoolchildren was assessed by analyzing the medical records of students, with the help of a health worker. It was found that exercise therapy and massage help restore the normal range of motion in the upper limbs; massage helps relieve pain in tense areas. Massage in combination with exercise therapy contributes to the formation of correct posture, strengthening of the muscles of the trunk, and the development of a muscle corset. With the correct use of massage techniques in combination with a properly selected set of exercise therapy exercises, a number of diseases of the musculoskeletal system have a positive trend. Practical recommendations have been developed for the use of strength exercises for the prevention and correction of disorders in the condition of the musculoskeletal system. It is recommended, for a more pronounced health-improving effect, to perform strength exercises for the main muscle groups, using static and dynamic modes of exercise.
Keywords: health disorders, posture disorders, physical culture, schoolchildren health, formation of correct posture, therapeutic massage, therapeutic physical culture.

References
1.      Kolomiytseva, N.S., Kagazezheva, N.Kh. and Doronina, N.V. (2019), “The use of physical culture means to prevent disorders of the musculoskeletal system in modern schoolchildren”, Physical culture and sports, life safety, materials of round tables at the Institute of Physical Culture and Judo of the Adyghe State University, Maykop, pp. 158–162.
2.      Medvedeva, E.A. (2020) “Therapeutic and prophylactic physical culture and therapeutic massage as a means of preventing posture disorders”, Science of the XXI century: current directions of development, No. 1-2, pp. 209–212.
3.      Nigamadyanov, N.R, Tsykunov, M.B., Ivanova, G.E. and Lukyanov, V.I. (2019), “Study of posture in school-age children according to the optical topography of the back”, Bulletin of Traumatology and Orthopedics N.N. Priorov, No. 4, pp. 43–45.
4.      Setyaeva, N.N., Kirillova, M.Yu. abd Gridneva, V.A. (2016), “Conditions for the formation of the correct posture of schoolchildren at physical culture lessons”, The Eighteenth All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical Conference of Nizhnevartovsk State University, articles of reports, Nizhnevartovsk, pp.1735–1737.

Contact information: k.nuriat@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 14.03.2021
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