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Ilkevich K.B., Kashenkov Yu.B., Ilkevich T.G. Prevention of physical inactivity by means of physical culture at students on distance learning


DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p157-164
 
Prevention of physical inactivity by means of physical culture at students on distance learning
Konstantin Borisovich Ilkevich, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, professor, Yuri Borisovich Kashenkov, the senior teacher, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Tatiana Gennadyevna Ilkevich, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Gzhel State University, Moscow district

Abstract
Introduction: the progression of inactivity in female students during training, including distance learning, is one of the most serious problems of the modern education, the development of technologies for the prevention of inactivity in female students is a task of modern education. The purpose of the study: to prove the progression of inactivity in female students, its negative impact on their health status and to propose the method for preventing inactivity during distance learning. Methodology and organization of the study: to confirm the presence of inactivity in female students and its negative impact on health, an assessment of the daily routine was used, using the timekeeping method, during full-time and distance learning. The analysis of changes in health indicators and the functional state of the body systems during distance learning before and after the use of the home training system was carried out. The study involved students of the 1st year of study, a total of 45 people, of which 23 students made up the control group ( KG), 22 students took part in the experiment and made up the experimental group (EG). The experiment lasted from September to January 2020-2021. The results of the study and their discussion: as a result of the study, it was proved that: in the lifestyle of female students there is a lack of physical activity, which was not compensated during distance learning; lack of exercise caused changes in the health of students, which resulted in the increase of body weight, decrease indicators of the functional state of the cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular and nervous systems of the body; a necessary compensation inactivity during remote learning through physical exercise; development of the system of home training, which contributed to the improvement of the functional status of the body's systems and improve the health of students. Conclusions: in the course of the study, it was proved that inactivity is part of the lifestyle of modern female students. To prevent hypodynamia, it is necessary to develop and introduce the system of home training into the daily routine of students, including sets of exercises, performed during the day: before the classes, during classes, during extracurricular independent work (HRV) and before bedtime. The complexes should be of an activating and calming nature and alternate throughout the day. The complexes should include breathing exercises aimed at increasing the body's resistance to airborne infections, including COVID 19, and meditative techniques aimed at preventing neuropsychiatric stress that occurs during forced restrictions on social contacts and increased work time with the use of electronic training systems.
Keywords: distance learning, physical inactivity, female students, daily routine, complex home training, breathing practices, functional state of the body systems.

References
  1. Ilkevich, K.B., Ilkevich, T.G., Medvedkova, N.I. and Medvedkov, V.D. (2019), “Features of lifestyle and health parameters of female students-artists”, Kazan Pedagogical Journal, No.2-2(115), pp. 284–291.
  2. Ilkevich, T.G. (2017), “Health-improving technologies in the structure of physical education of female students-artists in the conditions of the campus”, Innovations and traditions in modern physical education: materials of the interuniversity scientific and practical conference, Moscow, pp. 152–159.
  3. Ilkevich, K.B. (2020), “Features of organizational and pedagogical conditions at student’s physical and health activity”, Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, No.2 (180), pp. 128–132.
  4. Ilkevich, K.B. and Ilkevich, T.G. (2019), “Physical culture and health-improving activities of students studying applied computer science”, Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, No.10 (176), pp. 155–159.

Contact information: ilk_kb@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 02.03.2021
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