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Ilkevich B.V., Ilkevich K.B., Ilkevich T.G. Formation of creative engineering thinking in the process of teaching to robotics

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.3.p150-157
Formation of creative engineering thinking in the process of teaching to robotics
Boris Vladimirovich Ilkevich, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Konstantin Borisovich Ilkevich, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, professor, Tatiana Gennadyevna Ilkevich, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Gzhel State University, Moscow district

Introduction. Modern schooling includes robotic knowledge, but not enough attention is paid to designing didactic conditions and components of the learning process, including learning tools, the formation of creative engineering thinking as a result of training robotics. The aim of the article is to choose the best means of teaching robotics, choosing the principles of learning and justifying the didactic conditions of their successful use for the development of creative engineering thinking. Methodology and organization of research. An expert survey of robotics teachers was used as a method of research. In addition, well-known publications in the field of motivating training and vocational training, as well as existing means of training robotics, were analyzed. The following was chosen as a criterion for choosing the optimal means of teaching robotics: achieving similar learning results at minimal material and time costs. The effectiveness of the selected teaching principles and formulated didactic conditions was tested during robotics classes. At least 200 students and three robotics teachers participated in the experiment. The results of the study and their discussion. It was substantiated that creative engineering thinking is one of the main results of training robotics. The analysis of modern robotic complexes has been carried out, recommendations on their optimal choice have been given. In the context of the concept of vocational training, the principles of learning were chosen and didactic conditions for the development of creative engineering thinking were formulated during robotics classes at school. During the classes, the students of the experimental group demonstrated high cognitive motivation. At the end of the class cycle (24 sessions) the levels of robotic competence, cognitive motivation of teaching and creative engineering thinking in the experimental group significantly exceeded similar levels in the control group. The results of the study can be used by robotics teachers in solving the problems of optimal design and successful implementation of components of the robotics training process, the formation of creative engineering thinking among schoolchildren. Conclusions. Abandoning complex and expensive robotic systems will optimize the logistical base used in the study of the basics of robotics. Compliance with the chosen principles of education, didactic conditions, formulated in the article in the context of vocational training, will ensure the successful development of the creative engineering potential of the student.
Keywords: didactic conditions, engineering and technical thinking, creative thinking, robotics, schooling, robotics learning, learning tools.

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Article arrived in edition 02.03.2021
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