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Kulikova O.Yu. Mechanisms of psychotechnologies of military-physical training of troops in ancient china on the example of General Qi Jiguang's method (XVI century): historical and methodological analysis

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.11.p636-640
 
Mechanisms of psychotechnologies of military-physical training of troops in ancient china on the example of General Qi Jiguang's method (XVI century): historical and methodological analysis
Olga Yuryevna Kulikova, the candidate of historical sciences, The Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sports and Health, St. Petersburg

Annotation
A number of historical-psychological and historical-pedagogical studies indicate the existence of an original psychotechnology in the system of military-physical training in Old China, aimed at developing professionally significant qualities of martial artists (neuropsychic stability, high reaction speed, anticipation, etc.), based on the means of successive mind-body exercises (image-sound-movement). The effect of using this psychotechnology could be observed as early as on the 3rd – 10th day of the training – a period that European military history is not familiar with! There are several dozen specific methods within the framework of this psychotechnology. One of the most striking of them is the method of accelerated mass training of martial artists for combat actions of General Qi Jiguang (1528–1588), described by him in the "Boxing Canon for those who want to win". Explaining the final result of training according to the method of General Qi Jiguang, we can assume that it is aimed at the formation (by means of successive mind-body exercises) in the individual model of the human world of the "final result" of the action, which affects the increase in the reaction speed and the adequacy of the behavior of fighters in extreme situations.
Keywords: martial arts, psychotechnologies, Qi Jiguang, theory of functional systems.

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Contact information: oksovetnik09@gmail.com
Article arrived in edition 08.11.2020
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