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Kobzeva O.V. Time perspective of teenagers with sensory impairments

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.11.p628-632
Time perspective of teenagers with sensory impairments
Olga Vladimirovna Kobzeva, the candidate of psychological science, Murmansk Arctic State University

The article reflects upon the approaches to temporal perspective definition in psychology and presents the structure of temporal perspective. Particular focus is given to the analysis of the personal development of sensory impaired teenagers and the role of socialization in the temporal orientation development of sensory impaired teenagers. Thirty-one teenagers took part in the survey: 13 visually impaired, 11 hearing impaired and 15 healthy teenagers at the age of 14–16. The aim of the empirical research was to study the teenage temporal perspective structure. The researchers used the Russian version of Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI). The research shows that the main temporal perspective component of visually impaired teenagers is the positive past, whereas healthy and hearing impaired teenagers are more focused on the hedonistic present. It’s proven that visually impaired teenagers predict the consequences of their actions and behaviour. Hearing impaired teenagers, however, prefer to enjoy the present moment. The temporal perspective features of sensory impaired teenagers proceed from the lack of interpersonal relations, low self-esteem, conformal behaviour and increased anxiety. The research results may be used to conduct further studies in the field of teenage temporal perspective structure.
Keywords: teenager, time perspective, time orientations, sensory deprivation, Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory.

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Article arrived in edition 28.11.2020
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