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Kryazhev V.D., Skudnov V.M., Marinina N.N., Klimova L.Yu. Field tests of assessing of the maximum oxygen consumption and critical running speed

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.11.p280-286
Field tests of assessing of the maximum oxygen consumption and critical running speed
Valery Dmitrievich Kryazhev, the doctor of pedagogical science, leading research associate, Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sport, Moscow; Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Skudnov, the candidate of pedagogical science, senior lecturer, Penza State University; Natalia Nikolaevna Marinina, the senior teacher, Russian State Social University, Moscow; Lyudmila Yurievna Klimova, the senior teacher, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow

Introduction. Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) and critical running speed (Vcrit), defined as the lowest speed at which VO2max is observed are important determinants of sporting performance in mid- and long-distance running. Several field tests are known to evaluate VO2max and Vcrit. However, these estimates are not compared with the theoretical data obtained from the logarithmic model of the Peronnet-Thibault, which provides accurate prediction of athletic performance based on these indicators. The aim of the study is to estimate the ratio of critical speed and maximum oxygen consumption in the field test (Track 1:1) and calculated using a logarithmic model based on the results in the 1000 m and 3000 m running. Methodology and organization of research. The experiment involved 9 university students – runners at the middle distance of 18–21 years (growth 178.2±2.4 kg, weight 67.1±2.1cm), having results in the 800 m running with an average of 2.04.3±3.6 and in the 1500 m 4.16±7±6.4. Races were held at distances of 1000 m and 3000 m, as well as a short field test (Track 1:1), in which the speed of running, starting from 13 km/h increased by 1 km/h every minute. Based on the equations of Peronnet-Thibault and Leger-Boucher calculated the study indicators and made a comparison between them. The results of the study. The test (1:1) received slightly inflated Vcrit values of 0.17 m/s or 3% (P<0.05), due to insufficient duration of work on each stage of the test. Differences in VO2max values are insignificant (1.04 or 1.8%, P>0.05). At the same time, the energy cost of the meter of the track was adopted at the level of 3.72 J/kg/m, typical for trained runners-students. High correlations between the average speed of 3000 m of running and Vcrit estimates (displacement 0.19±0.05 m/s) have been identified. This allows you to use a simple 3000 m test run to evaluate Vcrit. Conclusions. The short field test (Track1:1) gives inflated estimates of the critical running speed, compared to the theoretical values calculated using the logarithmic model of Peronnet-Thibault, but can be used to evaluate VO2max.
Keywords: Field running test, maximum oxygen consumption, critical speed, middle-distance running.

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Article arrived in edition 27.11.2020
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