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Kovanova S.S., Stepanova O.N. Instrumentation for assessing the functional state of the spine and large joints of middle-aged men persons engaged in fitness

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.11.p223-228
 
Instrumentation for assessing the functional state of the spine and large joints of middle-aged men persons ingaged in fitness
Sofia Sergeevna Kovanova, the post-graduate student, Shuya branch of Ivanovo State University, Shuya, Olga Nikolaevna Stepanova, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Moscow State Pedagogical University

Abstract
Introduction. In the native and foreign fitness industry, there has long been a need to create a complex testing program, which includes a comprehensive diagnosis and assessment of the state of the organism involved. The purpose of this study was to generalize the knowledge and experience of fitness specialists, rehabilitation and health-improving physical culture and to develop criteria-diagnostic tools, taking into a comprehensive assessment of the health of a fitness club client. Research methods and materials. The method of long-term pedagogic observations, content analysis of special literature, analysis of native and foreign experience in the field of fitness testing, as well as experimental material accumulated by the authors over 15 years of research and practical work in the fitness industry. Results. A toolkit has been developed for assessing the level of psychophysical condition of exercising middle-aged persons, which includes a set of 65 diagnostic procedures (tests), that allows to evaluate: body type, performance capability, psychoemotional state (stress level, well-being, activity, mood, character and level of motivation, level of development of the leading physical qualities (strength, endurance, speed, flexibility, legerity (coordination), and the functional state of the cardiovascular, respiratory and vestibular systems. An important place among them is occupied by toolkit for assessing the functional state of the musculoskeletal system which includes 40 special tests that allows evaluating severity of pain syndrome, arthrometry, congruence spine stability and major joints (shoulder, coxofemoral, genual, talocrural) of exercising persons. The description of each diagnostic procedure (test) includes: the object of assessment, the characteristics of the testing procedure, the list of the evaluated characteristics and the rating scale. Conclusions. The presented diagnostic tools have been successfully tested and have been used for more than 4 years in the Skfitness fitness club in Moscow. The experience of its application speaks of the fundamental possibility and prospects of its implementation in the fitness testing system, as well as in the process of physical culture and health improvement classes with other contingents of those people who involved in sports.
Keywords: fitness testing, diagnostic tools for the functional state of the musculoskeletal system, improving mobility, congruence and stability of the joints and spine, middle-aged men.

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Contact information: skovanova@yandex.ru; stepanova.olga.mpgu@gmail.com
Article arrived in edition 22.11.2020
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