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Vasilkovskaya Yu.A., Tomilin K.G., Ovsyannikova I.N., Laktionova E.G., Malygina L.V. VFSK RLD standards: soviet experience of increasing the general physical readiness of athletes

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.11.p67-73
 
VFSK RLD standards: soviet experience of increasing the general physical readiness of athletes
Yulia Alekseevna Vasilkovskaya, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Konstantin Georgievich Tomilin, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Inna Nikolaevna Ovsyannikova, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Elvira Gennadievna Laktionova, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Lyudmila Valentinovna Malygina, the candidate of pedagogical sciences, senior lecturer, Sochi State University

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to identify the “weak links” in the physical fitness of school graduates in Sochi, while fulfilling the standards of the All-Russian Sports School of the RLD; as well as the development of recommendations, taking into account the “Soviet experience”, to increase motivation for the general physical training of athletes.
More than 800 graduates of schools in the city of Sochi have received the standards of the VFSK RLD. The «weak links» in the general physical training of Sochi youth were revealed, which were tests for «endurance» and «strength» (running 3000 m, 2000 m and pull-ups on the crossbar). The refusal of schoolchildren to fulfill the standards of the WFSK RLD occurred precisely when these two tests failed. The low motivation of athletes to fulfill the GTO standards was noted: out of several thousand Sochi regularly trained athletes of 16–17 years old, wishing to take part in the tests, less than 5–10% were observed annually. It is required to transform the legal vector into the height and weight characteristics of athletes participating in competitions (basketball, handball), as well as the minimum level of physical fitness (pistol shooting, sailing, etc.), during which they were admitted to the competition. On the example of sailing, it was demonstrated that literally in 4–6 months all men were able to prepare to fulfill the set standards for running. After 12–18 months, almost 100% of yachtsmen (both men and women) participating in the All-Union regattas began to pass the running test for the «excellent» mark. The pull-ups on the high bar also showed positive changes. In 1987–1988, the level of physical fitness of the riders of the USSR national team was the highest in the history of Russian sailing. Male yachtsmen in the 3000m run showed the results of 10.00–11.00 minutes. On the basis of the research carried out, it is possible to recommend the use of “Regulations on competitions”, where admission to participation in competitions is carried out after the athletes have successfully passed the “express diagnostics” of general physical fitness (running on 3000 m, and pull-ups on the bar).
Keywords: All-Russian physical culture and sports complex “Ready for Labor and Defense” (TRP), Sochi schoolchildren, “weak links” in general physical training, the use of “Regulations on competitions”.

References
  1. Vasilkovskaya, Yu.A., Tomilin, K.G., Malygina, L.V., Tumasyan, Yu.A. and Maksimenko, V.G. (2020), “Human vitality: techniques that increase the physical fitness of those involved (the complex “Ready for labor and defense”)”, Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, No. 1 (179), pp. 49–56.
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  4. Regulations on the All-Russian physical culture and sports complex of the TRP, available at: http://www.gto-normy.ru/polozhenie-o-vserossijskom-fizkulturno-sportivnom-kompleks-gto/ (accessed: 26/12/2019).
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  6. Tomilin K.G. (2010), “Features of operator activity of highly qualified yachtsmen-racers”, Bulletin of sports science, No. 6, pp. 7–9.

Contact information: tomilin-47@bk.ru
Article arrived in edition 10.11.2020
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