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Sokolovskaya S.V., Pankratov S.B. Experience of introducing ideomotor training in the technical and psychological training of athletes involved in martial arts on the example of taekwondo

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.1.p329-336
 
Experience of introducing ideomotor training in the technical and psychological training of athletes involved in martial arts on the example of taekwondo
Svetlana Vladimirovna Sokolovskaya, the candidate of psychological sciences, senior lecturer, Department chair, Sergey Borisovich Pankratov, the candidate of economic sciences, senior lecturer, Lobachevsky National Research Nizhny Novgorod State University

Abstract
Introduction. Ideomotor training is actively used in complex coordination sports, sports games, and less actively in martial arts. One of the most common techniques used to win duels is the «circular kick from a turn to the head». Special attention is paid to the search for methods to improve the accuracy and quality of the kick. At the same time, this blow is fatal, quite often leads to a concussion and, as a result, a violation of cognitive functions, so its use during a fight should be extremely conscious of the athlete. The aim of the study is to test the developed program of ideomotor training to improve the technical skills of athletes and strengthen the conscious, reflexive attitude to the use of dangerous techniques during the fight in taekwondo. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the inclusion in the program of ideomotor training of a component of a conscious attitude to the need to use a circular kick from a turn to the head that is dangerous for the health of the opponent without losing the effectiveness of sports activities. The practical significance of the obtained research results determines the possibility of reducing injuries in taekwondo classes according to the developed program. Methodology and organization of the study: the study involved 30 athletes aged 15-16 years, engaged in the taekwondo section. At the stage of the ascertaining and control experiments, we was used the K. Hall questionnaire “The Sport Imagery Questionnaire” to assess the ability of athletes to form images. We was used the method of “expert assessments” to assess the technical skill of athletes. In the course of 4.5 months, the training process of the athletes of the experimental group included the program of ideomotor training of a circular kick from a turn and protection against it, developed by the authors.
The results of the study and their discussion: the results of the introduction of ideomotor training in the technical and psychological training of athletes showed the effectiveness of the developed program. Conclusions: the potential of using mental images by athletes in taekwondo to improve technical and psychological training is great, the results of this study show only a part, the beginning of using this potential to improve the technical skills of athletes and strengthen their conscious, reflexive attitude to the use of dangerous techniques.
Keywords: ideomotor training, circular kick with a turn, mental images, awareness of the use of dangerous blows.

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Article arrived in edition 21.01.2021
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