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Rysakova O.G., Voevodina T.M., Krasnov R.B., Ivanov D.A. Forecasting of sports results at young swimmers

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2021.1.p306-310
 
Forecasting of sports results at young swimmers
Olga Gennadievna Rysakova, the senior lecturer, Russian State Social University, Moscow; Tatyana Mikhailovna Voevodina, the candidate of pedagogical science, senior lecturer, Samara State University of Social Science and Education, Samara; Roman Borisovich Krasnov, the senior lecturer, Penza State University, Penza; Dmitry Anatolievich Ivanov, the teacher, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow

Abstract
We studied dynamics of indicators of physical development of young swimmers a generalizing method, hydrodynamic qualities of the swimmer, sports results at the age of 10–16 years. Research objective – to define criteria of forecasting of sports results in swimming by a crawl on a breast at a distance of 100 m at young athletes at the age of 16 years. The research problem – to define stability of indicators of a morphological and functional state, hydrodynamic qualities, sports results. Research was conducted during the period 2016–2020 in sports school No. 8 of the city of Samara and 35 young swimmers took part in them at the age of 10–16 years. Research methods: theoretical analysis of literary data, methods of definition of a morphological and functional state, methods of detection of hydrodynamic qualities, methods of definition of biological maturing of an organism, pedagogical control tests, methods of mathematical statistics. Results of research. The stablest indicators are the body length, length of a foot, a hand and foot. During all analyzed age periods the reliable interrelation between length of sliding and the maximum speed of swimming which considerably increases with age is revealed. Initial sports results with different level of maturing of an organism make unequal impact on sporting achievements of young swimmers at the age of 16 years at various distances. In process of increase in length of a distance stability of indicators of competitive activity increases. When forecasting sports results in swimming by a crawl on a breast at the age of 16 years initial results, rates of their gain during the first two years of occupations, level of biological development of young swimmers were considered. After two years of occupations opportunity in a certain measure appears swimming to predict sports results of 16-year-old young men in swimming on 100 m a crawl on a breast. Conclusions. The presented materials can be used for forecasting of expected development of physical readiness of young swimmers.
Keywords: forecasting, sports result, morphological and functional indicators, hydrodynamic qualities, level of biological maturing of an organism.

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Contact information: rysia01@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 08.01.2021
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