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Rychkova L.S., Saprankova M.V., Botova N.D. Features of preschool children creative development

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.12.p366-371
Features of preschool children creative development
Lydia Sergeevna Rychkova, the doctor of medical sciences, professor, Marina Vyacheslavovna Saprankova, the post-graduate student, Natalya Dmitrievna Botova, psychologist, South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk

The article is devoted to the creative activity development issues in preschool children. Despite numerous studies in the field of the psychology of creative abilities, the essence of creative thinking at the stage of preschool childhood requires thorough investigation. The aim of the work is to study the optimal ways of developing creative abilities and interest in creative activity among the preschool children. The authors consider characteristic features and manifestations of creative activity and creative thinking, determine the forms and methods of purposeful work on the development of creative abilities in preschool children, such as methods of thinking activation, methods of dialectical thinking developing, the methods of theory of inventive problem solving, as well as the conditions favorable to the development of preschool children's creativity. Thus, creative activity for the child development has a supra-situational-transformative nature of solving problems, allowing the child's thinking not only to rely on the possibility of the proposed alternative choice, but to heuristically create her/his own model of the problem.
Keywords: creativity, creative activity, preschool children, conditions, forms and methods of creative development of preschoolers.
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Article arrived in edition 13.12.2020
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