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Rzhanov A.A. Psychological characteristics that determine the correspondence of the role of the connecting player in volleyball

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.12.p356-360
 
Psychological characteristics that determine the correspondence of the role of the connecting player in volleyball
Alexey Aleksandrovich Rzhanov, the volleyball coach, Sports School of the Olympic Reserve "Angara", Angarsk, post-graduate student, Irkutsk National Research Technical University

Abstract
Volleyball experts fundamentally emphasize the dominant role of the binder role. The choice of the playing role depends not only on his physical, morphological data, but also on more on the psychophysical characteristics of the players, the innate properties of the nervous system. The properties of the nervous system, temperament and character ultimately determine the success of the binder's play activity. The purpose of the research is to determine the psychophysical forms of conformity to the game role – connecting and assess the possible training according to the required criteria. Research methodology and organization. Over the course of coaching at the sports school of the Olympic reserve in Angarsk, from 2015 to 2020, more than 300 young men took part in the pedagogical experiment, which were studied at their own request and with the consent of their parents. The sports selection began from the moment of viewing and the first training session, until graduation or determination of non-compliance with volleyball specialization in any parameters. The basic characteristics of the study to determine the specialization and role of the binder were innate inclinations and temperament. The pedagogical experiment included the study of scientific and methodological literature, psychological surveys and tests with the involvement of a staff psychologist, recognition of psychomotor inclinations and abilities, playing and coaching practice, accumulating the ability to endure stressful situations by players, interact and adjust phenotypes through pedagogical influence. Research results and their discussion. In the course of the research, methods of education and determination of the specialization of players were determined. Binder, as the most popular and difficult playing role in sports selection, needs a specific approach. The basic characteristic for belonging to the role is considered temperament, as an innate psychological component. Research confirms that young men with an innate sanguine temperament are best suited to the role of connecting players. The selection uses the criteria of motor abilities, morphological qualities and model characteristics, but temperament remains the primary determining factor. Output. The selection criterion for binders based on the innate properties of the nervous system has a reliable character, which is supported by statistical analysis for five years. Research and search for a gifted child, for the specialization of the binder, finds justification, but has a very low percentage of possible positive outcomes due to the high requirements of specialization.
Keywords: sports selection, binding, temperament, properties of the nervous system, innate inclinations, leadership qualities.
 
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Contact information: volley-angarsk@ya.ru
Article arrived in edition 17.12.202
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