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Naumenko M.V. Zavgorodnaya E.G. Features of memory characteristics among the children with musical abilities

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.10.p500-506
Features of memory characteristics among the children with musical abilities
Marina Vladimirovna Naumenko, the candidate of sociological sciences, senior lecturer, Rostov-on-Don; Evgenia Grigoryevna Zavgorodnaya, the chairman of the methodological association of teacher-psychologists of the Proletarsky district of Rostov-on-Don, teacher-psychologist, School No 17, Rostov-on-Don

The article considers memory as the highest mental function, lists types of memory by various grounds, it gives some studies of domestic psychologists on the processes of memorization, and actualizes the connection of musical hearing with the auditory and visual memory of children involved in music. A hypothesis is formulated about the existence of features of memory characteristics in preschoolers with musical abilities. The results of the study conducted with the help of the methods are given: "Technique of reception tests in the DMSH" by Baraboshkin A. and Lyakhovitskaya S., "Wenger Test" for determining auditory memory, "D. Wexler Test" for determining visual memory. The conclusion is formulated, according to which statistically reliable differences are present between preschoolers who have and do not have musical abilities according to the "auditory memory" indicator and there are no such differences according to the "visual memory" indicator.
Keywords: harmonic hearing, activity, preschool age, memorization, visual memory, musical abilities, musical memory, musical hearing, mental process, auditory memory.
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Article arrived in edition 14.10.2020
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