You are here

Shchurov A.G., Gavrilova E.A., Churganov O.A., Mogelnitskii A.S., Kherodinov B.I. Formation of motivation of schoolchildren to physical activity as a leading component of a healthy lifestyle

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.10.p461-466
 
Formation of motivation of schoolchildren to physical activity as a leading component of a healthy lifestyle
Aleksey Grigoryevich Shchurov, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Elena Anatolyevna Gavrilova, the doctor of medical sciences, professor, Oleg Anatolyevich Churganov, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Alexander Sergeevich Mogelnitskii, the candidate of medical sciences, senior lecturer, Boris Igorevich Kherodinov, candidate of medical sciences, senior lecturer, North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg

Abstract
The article analyzes the results of studying the motives for physical activity of schoolchildren. Motivational categories of healthy lifestyle are considered. The aim of the study was to study the motives for which adolescents are engaged in physical exercises in their free time and to determine which categories of motivation are leading in different age groups (11, 13 and 15 years old). According to the obtained data, the leading categories are “self-preservation motivation” and “motivation to achieve maximum comfort”. The motives related to the categories "motivation for the ability to maneuver" and "motivation for the possibility of self-improvement" are noticeably inferior to the first two. Schoolchildren should understand that physical culture and sports as components of a healthy lifestyle form volitional qualities of a person, the ability to educate them, self-control and a desire to win, make decisions consciously and make their own choices.
Keywords: motivation, motivational categories, physical activity of schoolchildren.
 
References
  1. Vilyunas, V.K. (1990), Psychological mechanisms of human motivation, Publishing house of Moscow State University, Moscow.
  2. Garipova, A.V. (2020), “Motivation of a healthy lifestyle of students”, Forum of Youth Science, Vol. 1, No 3, pp. 7–13.
  3. Lubysheva, L.I. and Salakhov, I.M. (2017), “Social vector of changes in pupils' attitude to physical education and sports”, Physical education: education, training, No 2, pp. 71–73.
  4. Stepanova, O.N., Kukhterina N.N. and Yurov A.V. (2015), “Age dynamics of the interests and needs of adolescents in sports activities”, Prepodavatel XXI vek, No. 3–1, pp. 201–210.
  5. Constitution of the World Health Organization, available at https://apps.who.int/gb/bd/PDF/bd48/basic-documents-48th-edition-ru.pdf?ua=1#page=9
  6. Churganov, O.A., Gavrilova, E.A. and Yakovlev, Yu.V. (2018), “Family traditions to motivate schoolchildren for physical activity”, Theory and Practice of Physical Culture, No. 10, pp. 65–66.
  7. Shchurov, A.G., Mogelnitskii, A.S., Matveev, S.V. and Postolovskii, V.G. (2019), “Role of the family in the motivation of schoolchildren to motor activity in free from school time”, Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, No. 11 (177), pp. 475–479.
  8. Shchurov, A. G., Churganov О.А., Gavrilova, E. A. and Lopatina E.A. (2017), “Influence of school social capital on the level of physical activity of schoolchildren”, Science and school, No. 3, pp. 161–165.
Contact information: shchag@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 12.10.2020
Show full text