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Kryazhev V.D., Alenurov E.A., Krasnov R.B., Nazarova I.V. Using the Conconi’s test at the training of university students, the middle-distance runners

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.9.p184-189
 
Using the Conconi’s test at the training of university students, the middle-distance runners
Valery Dmitrievich Kryazhev, the doctor of pedagogical science, leading scientific associate, Federal Scientific Center for Physical Culture and Sport, Moscow; Eldar Asafovich Alenurov, the candidate of sociological science, senior lecturer, Russian State Social University, Moscow; Roman Borisovich Krasnov, the senior teacher, Penza State University; Irina Viktorovna Nazarova, the senior lecturer, Russian State University of Justice, Moscow

Abstract
Introduction. The test of Italian professor Francesco Conconi is successfully used to estimate the pulse threshold. However, the testing protocol for assessing the anaerobic threshold, the critical speed of running and the application of the data obtained in the training of students, middle-distance runners, are not yet justified enough. The purpose of the study is to substantiate the Conconi’s test protocol to assess training exercise regimes and manage the training process of students, middle-distance runners. Methodology and organization of research. Eight middle-distance runners aged 19 to 21 in training sessions during the warm-up recorded a heart rate dependence on the speed of running in the test with an increase in speed on each 200-meter section of the stadium track (Conconi’s test). The pulse threshold was determined by the point of deflection from the expected linearity of the relationship. The anaerobic threshold was assessed as a pulse threshold of minus 0.2 m/s. Critical running speed was defined as running speed at maximum heart rate. The results of the study and their discussion. The initial test speed, adequate for student runners, corresponds to 75–65 seconds to overcome the 200-meter segment. At the first stages of the test, the time of 200-meter running is reduced by 3 seconds, and then by 2 seconds. The dynamics of the research indicators for 12 weeks of the training cycle have been obtained. The anaerobic threshold has increased from 3.35±0.33 to 3.69±0.29 m/s (P <0.05). The critical speed has increased from 4.62±0.36 to 5.01±0.32 m/s (P <0.05). Fluctuations of the running performance, estimated by the values of the pulse threshold, in the weekly cycle lie within 0.2 m/s, which can be found phases of super-recovery, in which intensive training is carried out. Conclusions. The Conconi’s test, based on individual heart rate monitors and sports watches, is a convenient tool for determining bioenergy indicators: anaerobic threshold and critical speed, on the basis of which the training speed is determined and the dynamics of the functional state are tracked.
Keywords: Conconi’s test, middle-distance, students, anaerobic threshold, critical speed.
 
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Contact information: kryzev@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 27.09.2020
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