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Pryalukhina A.V. To the question upon the study of the phenomenon of orientation in Russian psychology

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.6.p473-475
To the question upon the study of the phenomenon of orientation in Russian psychology
Alla Vadimovna Pryalukhina, the doctor of psychological sciences, senior lecturer, Saint-Petersburg University of the Humanities and Social Sciences

The article considers the basic theories of the formation of the phenomenon of personality orientation. The authors note that orientation is a combination of the dominant motives, needs, drives, interests that determine the attitudes and strategies of individual behavior. The phenomenon of orientation is formed in the system of the relationship of the individual with its social environment. The analysis of the points of view of the scientists indicates that orientation is a leading component in the structure of personality, which is formed in ontogenesis and the educational process, is implemented in professional and social activities, while motives, actions, as well as attitudes towards various aspects of activity comprise various aspects of orientation of the personality.
Keywords: personality, personality orientation, meaning-forming motive, need, personality structure.
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Article arrived in edition 19.06.2020
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