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Shchurov A.S., Mogelnitskii A.S., Matveev S.V., Postolovskii V.G., Kherodinov B.I. About psychological and pedagogical aspects of prevention of adolescent injuries

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.3.p509-514
 
About psychological and pedagogical aspects of prevention of adolescent injuries
Aleksey Grigoryevich Shchurov, the doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Alexander Sergeevich Mogelnitskii, the candidate of medical sciences, senior lecturer, Sergey Vladimirovich Matveev, the doctor of medical sciences, professor, Vyacheslav Georgievich Postolovskii, the candidate of medical sciences, senior lecturer, Boris Igorevich Kherodinov, the candidate of medical sciences, senior lecturer, North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, Saint Petersburg

Abstract
The article presents the results of a survey of schoolchildren of 11, 13 and 15 years old about the frequency of injuries and traumatic situations. The results of the study show that during the year, injuries requiring medical intervention are received by about 41.1% of children 11-15 years of age. At this age, taking into account gender differences, boys have higher injuries (48%) than girls (38%). It is shown that the occurrence of injuries in children is often due to their lack of formation of the necessary behavior skills, underestimation of the degree of danger of a sudden situation, especially in boys. To prevent injuries, it is necessary to carry out psychological and pedagogical work aimed at raising the need for self-control, the ability to minimize risks, and identify a traumatic situation. In this regard, the teaching staff should conduct both group and individual work with children and their parents.
Keywords: psychological and pedagogical work, self-esteem, teenager, injuries, trauma, family, schoolchild.
 
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Contact information: shchag@mail.ru
Article arrived in edition 28.02.2020
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