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Kovanova S.S. Kinesiotaping in structural and functional disorders of the secondary-motor apparatus of men of the second period of mature age

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.3.p220-227
 
Kinesiotaping in structural and functional disorders of the secondary-motor apparatus of men of the second period of mature age
Sofia Sergeevna Kovanova, the post-graduate student, Moscow State Pedagogical University

Abstract
Nowadays, the osseous system functioning disorders, including structural-functional backbone and diarthrosis disorders, are the most common disorders of the middle-aged. The usage of fixing bandages (taenia) during recreational gymnastics exercises is not always effective in a prevention measure of structural-functional disorders. Oftentimes such fixing bandages are liable to cause serious injuries. Searching for fast and effective prevention measures for a real recreational effect never stops. The method is quite popular and major and is used in different branches of study. The purpose of the study identifies optimal and simple applications (shoulder joint, ankle joint, knee joint, back bone of frontal axis) of the main joints, in order to relieve pain and support during health training with men of the second period of mature age. Methods and organization of research. The main methods of research were: survey, scale of pain assessment (visual analog scale of pain (VASP)), pedagogical observation, methods of mathematical statistics. Empirical research was carried out on the basis of fitness club SKFITNESS in Moscow. In the first stage, a survey of subjects was conducted for pain and restrictions in movements in the joints and spine, a pain assessment scale was used, where subjects were asked to assess the degree of pain from the 1–10, the results of the survey and the assessment on the VASP scale served as guidelines for determining the characteristics of pain and selecting applications. In the second stage, applications were tested, evaluated according to the VASP scale, according to the simplicity of the tape application, according to the choice of the initial position in kinesiotaping. The third stage was devoted to the development of an optimal application of a certain area. The results of the study and their discussion. Based on the results of visual analog scale of pain and surveys of men of the second period of mature age, optimal applications of ankle, knee, shoulder joints, as well as back bone (frontal axis) have been developed and described in order to correct structural and functional disorders.
Conclusions. Structurally-functional disorders of the spine and joints in mature men are quite common and can significantly limit the specialist in the selection of health-improving agents. In order to prevent disorders, elastic bandages or bandages are used, which fix the damaged area. The use of elastic bandages or orthoses is not always justified and can lead to more serious consequences. When fixing the joint and performing exercises, pressure is created in the working area and valves located near the joint are first affected, overvoltage gives a load on the valve blood system, which in turn leads to pinch, occlusion, deterioration of tissue and joint nutrition , mechanical failure of vessels and valves, creation of excessive pressure, limitation of synovial fluid circulation. The method of kinesiotaping is more functional and does not limit movements, circulation of liquid in the body, also reduces the level of pain sensations. We have developed optimal applications of the main joints and spine.
Keywords: Men of the second period of mature age, health-conditioning training, taping, kinesiotaping, structural-functional joint disorders.
 
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Contact information: skovanova@yandex.ru
Article arrived in edition 18.03.2020
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