You are here

Solodkov A.S., Levshin I.V. Formation and development of scientific and pedagogical schools of Physiology Department

DOI: 10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2012.10.92.p150-156
Formation and development of scientific and pedagogical schools of Physiology Department
Alexey Sergeevich Solodkov, the honored worker of science of the Russian Federation,
doctor of medical sciences, professor,
Igor Viktorovich Levshin, doctor of medical sciences, professor,
The Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health, St.-Petersburg
Annotation
Formation of scientific and pedagogical schools in physiology began in 1896 at the Higher Courses of Physical Education in the biological laboratory before the department establishment. Further, the schools formed and developed, usually in areas of sports physiology posed by chairs of department of physiology. The results of research were implemented in most cases within the educational process. During the first eight years (1919-1927) under the guidance of L.A. Orbelli the first study of the neuromuscular changes during exercises were conducted. Further, the analysis of the physiological functions of athletes allowed A.N. Krestovnikov to publish the first textbook on the physiology for physical education higher schools (1938) and the first monograph on the physiology of sports (1939). Physiology of the neuromuscular system, blood circulation, stress states investigated by E.K. Zhukov and N.V. Zimkin (1956-1975). A.S. Mozzhukhin and his team have studied the problem of physiological reserves of athletesfrom 1975 to 1984. In 1986 the department was headed by A.S. Solodkov, who identified and began with department staff to develop the various issues of physiological adaptation of athletes and ways and means to preserve, restore and improve efficiency during the muscular activity.
Keywords: physiology, functional systems, research, scientific and pedagogical schools, theses, curriculas, textbooks, handbooks.
REFERENCES
1.       Vernadsky, V.I. (1988), Works on the history of science in Russia, publishing house “Science”, Moscow, Russia.
2.       Krestovnikov, A.N. (1951), Essays on physiology of exercise, publishing house “F&S”, Moscow, Russia.
3.       Zimkin, N V., Mozzhukhin, A.S. and Solodkov, A.S. (1989), “Educational and scientific activity of chair of physiology GDOIFK of P.F.Lesgafta in 70 years”, Current state and actual problems of physiology of sports: interhigher education institution collection of scientific works, Leningrad, USSR, pp. 5-16.
4.       Tajmazov, V.A., Solodkov, A.S. (2009), “Physiology department of Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health, St.-Petersburg – 90 years”, Uchenye zapiski universiteta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, Vol.51, No. 1, pp. 93-96.
5.       Ageevetc, V.U. and Solodkov, A.S. (1999), “80-years anniversary of Department of Physiology”, The materials of the international scientific conference “Physiology of sport – status and perspectives", St.-Petersburg, Russian Federation, pp. 4-7.
6.       Solodkov, A.S. (2004), “Petersburg's studies of the physiology of sport”, Theory of physical culture and sport, No. 4, pp. 57-61.
Contact information: levshin07@gmail.com
Article arrived in edition 16.10.2012.

Show full text