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Pigareva S.N. Fundamental links of the dynamic posture of the horse rider in dressage. Part 1 (theoretical aspects)

DOI: 10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.6.p293-297
Fundamental links of the dynamic posture of the horse rider in dressage. Part 1 (theoretical aspects)
Svetlana Nikolaevna Pigareva, the candidate of biological sciences, senior research associate, Research Institute of Normal Physiology named after P.K. Anokhin, Moscow

Introduction. The actuality of the study is connected with the absence in the national dressage school of the clear understanding of the significance, structure and the mechanisms of formation of the muscular tone of the rider, which is specific for this activity, achievement of the rational attitude and interaction of body links under changing conditions and the effect of external forces. The purpose of the study is to define and substantiate the principal nodal links of the rider's dynamic posture in competitive dressage. The methodology and organization of the study. The research tools are: many years of athletic and trainer experience of the authors; the materials of scientific publications of the national and foreign scientists in physiology, anatomy, biomechanics of sports; the materials of our own studies and publications of the authors. Study results. In the course of the study the fundamental links of the adequate rider’s seat are established, their functional emergence is estimated and the structural analysis is conducted. Conclusions. On the basis of the results, it was found that the fundamental links of the rider’s dynamic posture in dressage are: the chest, the pelvis and the hip joints, the head, the hips, the knee joints, the ankle joints. If in achievement of the dynamic balance of the athlete paired with the horse the chest and, to lesser extent, the hips play the role of relatively rigid stabilisers of the rider’s posture, the pelvis, the hips, the lumbosacral section, the ankle joints are functional stabilisers that increasingly respond to the vibrational messages of the horse’s body which accompany the movements of the animal and amortize the jerks.
Keywords: dynamic posture, fundamental links, horse rider, dressage, chest, pelvis, balance.
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Article arrived in edition 23.06.2020
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